LGB service by country. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer LGBTQ personnel are able to serve in the armed forces of some countries around the world: the vast majority of industrialized, Western countries, including some Latin American countries such as Brazil and Chile ,   in addition to South Africa , and Israel. This keeps pace with the latest global figures on acceptance of homosexuality, which suggest that acceptance of LGBTQ communities is becoming more widespread only in secular, affluent countries. However, an accepting policy toward gay and lesbian soldiers does not invariably guarantee that LGBTQ citizens are immune to discrimination in that particular society. Even in countries where LGBTQ persons are free to serve in the military, activists lament that there remains room for improvement. Israel , for example, a country that otherwise struggles to implement LGBTQ-positive social policy, nevertheless has a military well known for its broad acceptance of openly gay soldiers.
Sexual orientation and gender identity in military service
LGBT service members are allowed to be out and proud, but a fear of repercussions persists
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Sexual orientation in the United States military
The sergeant and I stared at each other for a moment as the office door shut. Only seconds earlier, we both stood silent, hands clasped behind our backs respectfully, as a noncommissioned officer stood inches from my face and threatened to end my career. As we left the office, the sergeant searched for something consolatory to say. His words, and any comfort I might have taken from them, fell flat. I sat, staring at my computer screen, trying to recall what task I had been working on.
The study, published by the journal Sexuality Research and Social Policy , found that 59 percent of respondents did not feel comfortable being out at work, either because of career repercussions or because of the burden of being a token responsible for educating their peers. Pentagon officials did not immediate respond to a request for comment about the study. And despite a Monday Supreme Court decision which ruled that workplace discrimination against LBGT employees violates the Civil Rights Act of , that decision does not include service members.